Forcing doctors to act against their consciences and refer for euthanasia, assisted suicide, abortion, contraceptive sterilization, contraception, transgender surgery, etc., all of which are a violation of human dignity, is an act of violence, itself. There may be very influential medical professionals (in this province, and elsewher) who say the Hippocratic Oath does not apply to us today as it reflected the “knowledge and culture of the day” and is based on “outdated science,” but this is not true: killing and mutilation are not medicine. And as most people know, the Nazis rejected the Hippocratic Oath. And what of the psychological effects when one acts against one’s conscience? Xavier Simmons (2023) in “Why Conscience Matters: A Theory of Conscience and Its Relevance to Conscientious Objection in Medicine” discusses the psychological effects of those who act against their conscience: “Here we arrive at a bedrock insight concerning the moral harm arising when one acts against one’s conscience. Acting against conscience does not only lead to emotional distress. The moral psychological reality is more profound than this. Agents also experience a weakened sense or total loss of meaning and identity when they transgress their deepest commitments.” Do not force doctors to act violate their conscience. And thank you to the courageous doctors in this comment forum who are opposed to the CPSA's efforts to force doctors to violate their consciences. Work cited Symons X. Why Conscience Matters: A Theory of Conscience and Its Relevance to Conscientious Objection in Medicine. Res Publica. 2023; 29(1):1-21. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11158-022-09555-2 Epub 2022 Jun 24. PMID: 35789952; PMCID: PMC9244116.